Lal Mirch (Dried red pepper) may be used whole or powdered. India is the largest producer of red chillies. As the name suggests it is red in color and can be consumed as it is or can be broken down and made into a powder. It is really spicy and the intense heat is concentrated in the seeds. Fresh red chillies are milder.
Red chilies are usually grounded into a powder and used as a spice. Red chilies are dried or pickled in order to store them for a long period of time. It is a popular ingredient in most Indian dishes and curries.
Red chilies are also used extensively for making sauces which are used to add spice to other dishes.
They are an excellent source of vitamin C but excess use of red chillies may cause indigestion and heartburn. Capsaisin, the chemical that makes chillies hot is known to reduce the risk of skin and stomach cancer. They contain more vitamin C than an orange. It also acts as a remedy for cold and sinus symptoms. It does not contain any cholesterol.